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Run Smart Defaults - Historic Rotations
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Correct verifiable years with farm records
3. Historic records - Smart Defaults
The first step to complete your Nori Project is to populate your spreadsheet with historic data, dating back to the year 2000. While farm records are ideal for running the most accurate model of what took place on your specific farm, we realize that many growers do not store information back to 2000. To save the grower the time and effort, Nori developed the Smart Defaults tool to help populate the historical records for a Supplier. The Smart Defaults tool simplifies the historic data entry through importing data from regional norms from NASS Crop Data Layer to your Nori Project.
When working through Smart Defaults, answer questions with a rule-of-thumb approach. Think through agronomic practices that are generally associated with your crop rotations. Do you typically plant soybeans in mid May? Perhaps aim to apply 150 lbs N / ac to corn? Nori does not require the nuances of dates and rates within these historic years, and therefore we advise that you do not spend a lot of time tracking down these specifics. Use these generalities to guide the Smart Defaults process. You can always change specific values within the spreadsheet.
How to use Smart Defaults
How to access it- Select “Set Up Smart Defaults” from the home page of your project.
Select “Set up Historical Practices” to begin the survey to fill in the historic data for all fields associated with your project
Once in the tool, start by clicking the “Crop Rotations” tab. This step is necessary to begin with as it builds the structure for the remaining Smart Defaults tasks. The crop rotations will populate based on mapping satellite imagery from your field boundaries to NASS Crop Data Layer. If the crop rotations data does not date back to 2000 for a certain region, we assume the most historic crop rotation and repeat it back to 2000.
If the management differed from field to field, it is possible to select a subset of your fields on this page to apply a certain template of agronomic practices to these fields. If you choose to do this, you can then run a new Smart Defaults to apply a different set of agronomic practices to the remaining subset of fields.
Populate remaining tasks. Use the Explanation of Smart Defaults section below for guidance on each section, but the general cadence for each section is
Select appropriate tasks for based on a rule of thumb of;
Tailor the details of the task to the best “rule of thumb” dates, rates, and yields per given crop species;
Select [Import] at the bottom of the page. This final step will import the data from Smart Defaults directly into your spreadsheet. If you do not want it entered in your spreadsheet press “Cancel” and you can come back to this step at a later time.
Once you are done with the Smart Defaults tool (either you have completed all the tasks or only completed a subset of tasks), select “Open Records” at the bottom of the Smart Defaults homepage. If you opted to run Smart Defaults to only a subset of fields, you can select “Set up New Smart Defaults” to set up your second (or third!) template of agronomic practices to the fields not applied in the first round. Note that the only way to add crops once you have run through Smart Defaults once on a field is to do so manually.
Check your spreadsheet for accuracy of imported data. The Smart Defaults will apply to any year where there is no previously entered data and will not override the manually or data spec entered data.
Explanation of Smart Defaults section
Known limitations / unsupported features
Support for perennials
There are known issues with how Smart Defaults handles perennials that will limit their effectiveness for Growers that have perennials in crop profile. We will work to address these issues in future updates but may not support your specific management scenario in the current version.
Harvest date issues with cover crops
Though cover crops often do not have a harvest date (see “Tillage and Termination Events” above), if you leave the harvest date blank on Smart Defaults there is a default date that still populates within the spreadsheet that will flag errors. The solution is to enter a harvest date to represent the end of the crop’s growing season (i.e. if you applied the broad spectrum herbicide on 4/1/19, enter 4/1/19 for the harvest date in Smart Defaults). You could also choose to manually remove the default harvest dates within the spreadsheet, but this is a manual effort that must be done year-by-year, field-by-field.